Difference between revisions of "Load balancing"

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(round robin: distribution on ports)
(add some bits about stateless load balancing)
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                 0 : 192.168.20.100, \
 
                 0 : 192.168.20.100, \
 
                 1 : 192.168.30.100 }
 
                 1 : 192.168.30.100 }
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</source>
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== using stateles NAT ==
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Despite uncommon, you can perform load balancing also by using stateles NAT as well, using the two mechanisms (round robin and consistent distribution).
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Example using round robin:
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<source>
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% nft add rule t c ip protocol tcp ip daddr set 192.168.1.100 \
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                  tcp dport set numgen inc mod 2 map { 0 : 4040 , 1 : 4050 }
 
</source>
 
</source>

Revision as of 13:30, 24 May 2017

Since nftables v0.7, there is support in place to perform NAT load balancing.

Don't forget the special NAT chain semantics: Only the first packet evaluates the rule, follow up packets rely on conntrack to apply the NAT information.

round robin

This method uses the nftables internal number generator.

The example below is distributing new connections in a round-robin fashion between 192.168.10.100 and 192.168.20.200.

% nft add rule nat prerouting dnat to numgen inc mod 2 map { \
               0 : 192.168.10.100, \
               1 : 192.168.20.200 }

You can also emulate flow distribution with different backend weights using intervals:

% nft add rule nat prerouting dnat to numgen inc mod 10 map { \
               0-5 : 192.168.10.100, \
               6-9 : 192.168.20.200 }

The distribution can be based on ports as well:

% nft add rule nat prerouting ip protocol tcp dnat to 192.168.1.100 : numgen inc mod 2 map {\
               0 : 4040 ,\
               1 : 4050 }

consistent distribution

Using the nftables internal hashing mechanisms.

% nft add rule x y dnat to jhash ip saddr . tcp dport mod 2 map { \
                0 : 192.168.20.100, \
                1 : 192.168.30.100 }

using stateles NAT

Despite uncommon, you can perform load balancing also by using stateles NAT as well, using the two mechanisms (round robin and consistent distribution).

Example using round robin:

% nft add rule t c ip protocol tcp ip daddr set 192.168.1.100 \
                   tcp dport set numgen inc mod 2 map { 0 : 4040 , 1 : 4050 }